Write Json Files asynchronously with .NET

Write Json Files asynchronously with .NET

Writing JSON files asynchronously is a useful technique for improving the performance and scalability of your application. By using an asynchronous approach, you can write JSON data to a file without blocking the main thread, allowing your application to continue running smoothly and respond to user input.

In .NET, you can use the System.Text.Json namespace to work with JSON data. This namespace provides a high-performance, lightweight, and standards-compliant JSON implementation.

Here are the steps for writing JSON files asynchronously using System.Text.Json in C#:

  1. Begin by adding a reference to the System.Text.Json namespace to your project. This namespace provides the classes and methods needed for working with JSON in .NET.
  2. Next, create an instance of the Utf8JsonWriter class. This class provides a high-level API for writing JSON data, and takes a Stream object as a constructor parameter, which specifies the location where the JSON data will be written.
  3. Use the WriteStartObject method to begin a new JSON object. This method indicates the start of a new JSON object, which is represented by a pair of curly braces.
  4. Add properties to the object by calling the WriteString method and passing it the name of the property and the value of the property. Repeat this process for each property you want to add to the object.
  5. When you have finished adding properties to the object, call the WriteEndObject method to indicate the end of the object. This method writes the closing curly brace for the object.
  6. If you want to write multiple JSON objects to the same file, you can repeat steps 3-5 for each object.
  7. Finally, be sure to close the Utf8JsonWriter when you are finished writing data. You can do this by calling the Dispose method on the writer.

Here is an example of how you might use these steps to write a JSON file asynchronously using System.Text.Json in C#:

using System.Text.Json;
using System.IO;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

private async Task<MemoryStream> WriteJsonAsync()
    // Open a stream to the desired file location
    MemoryStream stream = new();

    // Create a Utf8JsonWriter using the stream
    await using Utf8JsonWriter writer = new(stream);

    // Begin a new JSON object
    //    repeat this for every object

        // Add properties to the object
        writer.WriteString("Name", "John Smith");
        writer.WriteString("Age", "30");

        // End the object

    // Dispose the Utf8JsonWriter
    await writer.DisposeAsync().ConfigureAwait(false);

    return stream;